The gold rush around self-driving cars is inspiring engineers and designers to strike out on their own. A shortage of experienced professionals in the field and carmakers’ confusion about the technology is creating opportunities for engineers, from the lesser known to the high profile.

They’ll parlay their skills in robotics, digital maps and optics to get customers in the car world, if they haven’t already. Fundraising by auto-related startups nearly doubled to $1 billion in 2016, with the lion’s share coming from companies in Silicon Valley, according to CB Insights. (Zoox, which is building a futuristic self-driving car, took home a quarter of that total.) Of course, the transportation revolution is going far beyond cars to areas like public transportation services and logistics for transporting goods. (Scroll down for the list.)